How Pension Funds Confront The FX Risk

This year’s currency risk contenders include trade disputes, the slower economy in China and Europe, and the possibility of changing base rate differentials, just to name a few.

How Do Pension Funds Work?

A proportion of an employee’s pay during the previous several years of work is used to calculate monthly benefits after retirement. How long they’ve been employed by the organization is also taken into consideration. Those benefits are paid for by both employers and workers.

The average income of the last five years of work may be used as an example of a pension plan that pays 1% for each year of service multiplied by five. So, a 35-year-old employee with an average final-year salary of $50,000 would earn $17,500 a year from that employer. 

When it comes to pensions, the biggest in the country, the California Public Employees’ Retirement System (CalPERS), pays out 2 percent every year in many cases. That means a 35-year-old employee making $50,000 a year might be eligible for a yearly bonus of $35,000 if they had 35 years of service. 

Private pension plans may be classified as either single-employer or multi-employer. In the latter case, unionized employees may be employed by many companies. 


Some pension plans have lowered management costs by turning completely passive, simplifying the process. Rob Schreur, CIO of the UK’s National Grid Pension Scheme, says, “We halted active currency management three years ago, after a review of all components of the scheme’s portfolio.” 

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